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Increase In Local Campylobacter Cases (bacterial gastroenteritis)

Southern NSW Local Health District (SNSWLHD) is urging people to take care when handling food following an increase in the number of cases of gastroenteritis caused by

Campylobacter bacteria in the last week.

April Witteveen, Manager of Infectious Diseases for SNSLWHD, said that as we come into

the warmer summer weather, the number of cases of gastroenteritis caused by bacteria

tends to increase. Campylobacter is one of the most common causes of bacterial

gastroenteritis in Australia.

Last week 26 people in SNSWLHD were notified with Campylobacter, compared to 14 at the

same time in 2019. The Public Health Unit are investigating if there are any links between

recent cases or any shared sources of infection.

Ms Witteveen said bacterial gastroenteritis was often spread by consuming contaminated

food or water, or sometimes through direct contact with an infected person. “Campylobacter

is frequently associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry” she said. “It is

important to ensure all chicken is thoroughly cooked through before eating.”

“The best defence against Campylobacter is to wash hands immediately after handling raw

poultry and before handling any cooked or ready-to-eat foods. Thoroughly wash hands with

soap and running water for at least 10 seconds before handling and eating food.”

Storage of foods at the right temperature reduces the risk of bacterial gastro. Refrigerated

food should be kept at less than 5 degrees Celsius and hot foods should be kept above 60

degrees Celsius. Ms Witteveen remarked “the longer food is left at room temperature, the

more bacteria will grow. The rule of thumb is that if food has been sitting on a table for more

than 2 hours, it should be thrown out.”

Symptoms of Campylobacter include diarrhoea, fever and abdominal pain that can last for

one to two weeks. It can take up to five days for symptoms to develop after unwittingly

ingesting bacteria. People whose work involves handling food or looking after children, the

elderly or patients should not work while they have any symptoms.

The main treatment for bacterial gastroenteritis is to rest and drink plenty of fluids.

Sometimes, doctors may recommend a rehydration solution. Most people recover without

complications. Anyone recovering from gastroenteritis should avoid visiting hospitals and

aged care facilities to avoid spreading the infection to vulnerable people.

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